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How to make HTTPS default on Apache HTTP Server (CentOS 7)

Posted: 2016-09-17

  1. Install required packages.

    yum install epel-release
    yum install httpd mod_ssl python-certbot-apache
  2. Start and enable Apache.

    systemctl start httpd
    systemctl enable httpd
  3. Allow access via HTTP and HTTPS.

    firewall-cmd --zone=public --permanent --add-service=http
    firewall-cmd --zone=public --permanent --add-service=https
    firewall-cmd --reload
  4. Edit /etc/httpd/conf/httpd.conf.

    ServerName <your-domain>
  5. Edit /etc/httpd/conf.d/ssl.conf.

    SSLCertificateFile /etc/letsencrypt/live/<your-domain>/cert.pem
    SSLCertificateKeyFile /etc/letsencrypt/live/<your-domain>/privkey.pem
    SSLCertificateChainFile /etc/letsencrypt/live/<your-domain>/chain.pem
  6. Edit /etc/httpd/conf.d/<your-domain>.conf

    <VirtualHost *:80>
        Redirect permanent / https://<your-domain>/
    </VirtualHost>
  7. Restart Apache HTTP Server.

    systemctl restart httpd
  8. Install certificate.

    Reference: https://certbot.eff.org/all-instructions/#centos-rhel-7-apache

    certbot --apache -d <your-domain>